By Ferenc Morton Szasz (auth.)
During international battle II, Franklin D.Roosevelt and Winston Churchill pooled their countries' assets within the race to overcome the Germans to the key of the atomic bomb. This booklet tells the tale of the British scientists who journeyed to Los Alamos to aid boost the world's first nuclear weapons.
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Extra resources for British Scientists and the Manhattan Project: The Los Alamos Years
41 The American scientists were not watched on-site, but many of them were followed off-site. The reverse was true for the British. Smith covered all their on-site activities, but nobody followed them once they left the Hill. This anomaly would later bear strange fruit in the espionage of Klaus Fuchs. While the British Mission members were frequently called on for theoretical and technical expertise, they were not similarly consulted on the political or military aspects of the atomic weapon they were creating.
Otto Frisch's description of Trinity (see Appendix IV) has become a minor classic. " Yet it was probably James Tuck's comment that summed up the feelings of the majority. Said Tuck: "What have we doneT34 As American scientist Philip Morrison recalled, the successful Trinity Site test probably served as the highlight of the Los Alamos experience for many scientists. Up until then, he said "the whole thing was an intellectual game - to defeat the enemy through an intellectual accomplishment. "35 In a strange sense, Hiroshima proved almost an anticlimax.
A colleague of Lord Rutherford's at Cambridge, Chadwick had discovered the neutron in 1932, ("one of the great scientific discoveries of all time"), for which he received the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1935. He also replaced Akers on the Combined Policy Committee. The initial plan was to have the British scientists all work directly under Chadwick, on problems of his selection. 8 Groves favored this scheme and Oppenheimer, perhaps under pressure, went along. 9 Within a short time, however, this idea was rejected in favor of full integration of the British team into all divisions of the Laboratory.
British Scientists and the Manhattan Project: The Los Alamos Years by Ferenc Morton Szasz (auth.)