By Guinevere Liberty Nell
Austrian Economics views on Individualism and Society brings jointly economists and political scientists focusing on evolutionary switch and spontaneous order.
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Additional info for Austrian Economic Perspectives on Individualism and Society: Moving Beyond Methodological Individualism
2000: 85; Sober and Wilson 1998: 88). Interestingly, in mainstream biology the idea of meta- or superorganisms is winning renewed interest in other areas. In his most recent work, E. O. Wilson (2012) has rejected the “selfish gene” hypothesis that he and Richard Dawkins made so dominant in NeoDarwinian theory. He was led to this step by his ongoing research into social insects. Wilson now argues for group selection, with the groups being superorganisms, such as ant colonies. Wilson and his supporters in biology lend important support to Hayek’s (1988) argument for group selection in human society.
What constitutes a mother or a father is accepted as uncritically as what constitutes a rock or tree. Even later in life we exist within social networks that powerfully shape who we are and what we are likely to think. , 2009). These networks also appear to influence our other emotions and even our physical health (Christakis and Fowler, 2009). Nicholas Christakis and James Fowler concluded from their studies of social networks that “Happiness, in short, is not merely a function of personal experience, but also is a property of groups.
Isolated from any context, regulations impose limits on what the regulated can do, and so limit their freedom. Considered from the standpoint of the isolated individual, limitations on choices due to government bans and regulations narrow the variety of mutually beneficial transactions into which individuals can enter. Government is a limitation on freedom. Therefore, states with the fewest regulations are freer than states that have them. This is a natural deduction from those using the most abstract kinds of methodologically individualist analyses, such as Murray Rothbard (1970).
Austrian Economic Perspectives on Individualism and Society: Moving Beyond Methodological Individualism by Guinevere Liberty Nell