By Ellen Shaw deParedes MD
Featuring over 1,500 mammographic photographs, this atlas is a finished consultant to analyzing mammograms. It provides the entire spectrum of manifestations of breast ailments, in addition to circumstances related to the postsurgical and augmented breast. Chapters are geared up in accordance with the trend obvious at the mammogram to improve readers' trend popularity talents and to permit quickly and whole definition of etiologies and medical implications for a selected finding.
This variation contains new chapters at the augmented breast, the position of ultrasound and MRI in breast imaging, and imaging-guided breast interventions. The terminology of the BI-RADS® lexicon is used throughout.
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43), and in determining the existence of multicentric tumor (39). 5 to 4 times that of conventional mammography (38). ASSESSMENT OF IMAGE QUALITY The role of the radiologist in mammography begins with an assessment of image quality. This must be performed routinely before image interpretation and is critical to the detection of breast cancers. Image quality is assessed, in addition, during the accreditation process for mammography facilities. Clinical image evaluation during the accreditation process includes assessment of positioning, compression, image quality, artifacts, and labeling (22).
If it moves in the opposite direction from the roll, it is in the inferior pole. Axillary View Although the axillary tail of the breast and the inferior aspect of the axilla are seen on the MLO view, it may be necessary to obtain an additional view to evaluate the upper axilla. The tube and cassette are angled 45 to 60 degrees from the superomedial to the inferolateral direction. The patient is turned 15 degrees away from the mammographic unit, and the ipsilateral arm is placed at a 90-degree angle to the breast.
4). The concept of the MLO view is that the breast is compressed at the same angle of obliquity as the pectoralis major muscle transverses the chest wall. In compressing the muscle in this plane, the technologist is more able to pull the muscle forward over the cassette; therefore, the posterior breast tissue is also pulled forward (Fig. 5). The pectoralis major muscle has a triangular shape, with the apex at the level of the nipple. In general, the parenchyma should not extend to the posterior edge of the image on the MLO view.
Atlas of Mammography by Ellen Shaw deParedes MD