By E. Barcevicius, T. Weishaupt, J. Zeitlin, Egidijus Barcevi?ius
In keeping with the findings of a large-scale, comparative study venture, this quantity systematically assesses the institutional layout and nationwide effect of the Open approach to Coordination in Social Inclusion and Social safety (pensions and health/long-term care), on the ecu Union point and in ten ecu Member States.
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Additional resources for Assessing the Open Method of Coordination: Institutional Design and National Influence of EU Social Policy Coordination
T. Weishaupt, and J. Zeitlin 33 expressing strong doubts about its feasibility, measurability, conceptual basis, and potential cost to the Member States (EurActiv 2010a; 2010b; 2010c; EUobserver 2010; Copeland and Daly 2012). As a compromise solution, the target is to be measured on the basis of three indicators in order to take account of diversity of Member States’ social contexts: the at-risk-of-poverty rate, material deprivation, and people living in households with very low work intensity (the Member States are allowed to set their national targets on the basis of the most appropriate indicators).
Enabled by the Council Recommendations of 1992, the Commission published a Green and a White Paper on European Social Policy in 1993 and 1994, respectively (European Commission 1993; 1994b). Subsequent to these documents, which were produced after wide consultation among European policymakers and stakeholders, the Commission issued three Communications (European Commission 1995b; 1997; 1999), which (a) outlined a framework for debating European social problems, (b) proposed key steps to modernize European social policy regimes, and (c) delineated a ‘concerted strategy’ for action, respectively.
Especially the third Communication laid the foundation for the soon-to-be launched social OMCs, outlining four broad objectives ‘to guide further action’ on social policy: (1) to make work pay and provide secure income; (2) to make pensions safe and pension systems sustainable; (3) to promote social inclusion; and (4) to ensure high quality and sustainability of health care. 3 Third, the social NGOs began to organize more forcefully at EU level, following adverse decisions on European anti-poverty funding 18 Tracing the Social OMC by the Council (1994) and the European Court of Justice (ECJ) (1998) (Geyer 2001), while the European Anti-Poverty Network (EAPN) in particular emerged as a champion of a coordinated approach to tackling social exclusion and poverty (Geyer 2001; Cullen 2005; Kröger 2008).
Assessing the Open Method of Coordination: Institutional Design and National Influence of EU Social Policy Coordination by E. Barcevicius, T. Weishaupt, J. Zeitlin, Egidijus Barcevi?ius