By Michael Haas (auth.)
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Extra resources for Asian and Pacific Regional Cooperation: Turning Zones of Conflict into Arenas of Peace
Conflict that might result in loss of face can thereby be softened, so that a joint responsibility for progress can emerge from respectful discussions. ” Coercive tactics are not allowed. If friction is anticipated at a meeting, the meeting is postponed. If one country holds out from a consensus, no decision is made, and informal communications take place outside of formal meetings to enable the country holding back to find a way to go along. Haas 2011b:Ch3). A majority never has the right to shame the minority, since everyone is entitled to the dignity of holding their own views.
Neofunctionalism contends that functionalists are naïve because no regional or international organization can grow or derive adequate funding without strong political backing from top government leaders. Haas and Schmitter 1966; Nye 1971; Schmitter 1971). Neofunctionalists predict that success in less controversial areas, particularly in economic matters, will “spill over” into political matters when leaders recognize that the risk of potential “spillback” cannot be tolerated. Gains secured through economic cooperation, for example, must be cemented by support from powerful domestic interests to prevent an erosion of support in the future.
A second approach is to study the formation of regional organizations in terms of their progenitors. Various powers have sought to shape Asia and the Pacific in a peaceful direction by founding regional organizations, but most such attempts have failed because they have not taken cultural regionalization into account. Part II, then, examines whether cultural pluralism accounts for the burgeoning of IGOs in Asia and the Pacific. Chapters 3 and 4 identify waves of cooperation, that is, successful and unsuccessful attempts to provide leadership in building a regional community.
Asian and Pacific Regional Cooperation: Turning Zones of Conflict into Arenas of Peace by Michael Haas (auth.)