By K. Linga Murty

ISBN-10: 3527412018

ISBN-13: 9783527412013

Covering either primary and complex points in an available means, this textbook starts with an summary of nuclear reactor structures, supporting readers to familiarize themselves with the numerous designs. Then the readers are brought to diversified chances for fabrics purposes within the a number of sections of nuclear power structures. fabrics choice and existence prediction methodologies for nuclear reactors also are offered in terms of creep, corrosion and different degradation mechanisms. An appendix compiles worthy estate facts suitable for nuclear reactor applications.

Throughout the e-book, there's a thorough insurance of varied fabrics technological know-how ideas, similar to actual and mechanical metallurgy, defects and diffusion and radiation results on fabrics, with critical efforts made to set up structure-property correlations at any place attainable. With its emphasis at the newest advancements and impressive difficulties within the box, this can be either a worthy creation and a prepared reference for rookies and skilled practitioners alike.

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7 mm in thickness. The fuel cladding tube stacked with fuel pellets inside and sealed from outside is called a fuel rod or fuel pin. About 200 of such fuel rods are bundled together to form a fuel element. 9b). The reactor core is mounted on a core-support structure inside the RPV. Depending on the specific design, the above-mentioned dimensions of the various reactors may vary. The control rod used is typically an Ag–In–Cd alloy or a B4C compound, which is used for rapid control (start-up or shutdown).

These reactors are called “breeder” because more new fuels are produced than consumed during its operation. The reactor can convert fertile material (containing U238 and Th232) into fissile materials (Pu239 and U233), respectively. The concept of this reactor type is very practical from the fuel utilization viewpoint. 7% of fissile U235. The majority of the natural uranium contains U238 isotope. , much more improved neutron economy). The reactor cores are typically small because of the high power density requirements.

General properties come from the general engineering considerations as they would be applicable in most engineering designs. On the other hand, special properties are considered solely because the materials are to be used in a nuclear reactor. These include properties like the neutron absorbing characteristics, susceptibility to induced radioactivity, radiation damage resistance, and ease of reprocessing of materials. Each of the material characteristics is evaluated following standard (sometimes nonconventional) testing procedures.

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An Introduction to Nuclear Materials: Fundamentals and Applications by K. Linga Murty

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