By I Prigogine

Advances in Chemical Physics, quantity 127 covers contemporary advances on the innovative of study relative to chemical physics. The sequence, Advances in Chemical Physics, presents a discussion board for serious, authoritative reviews of advances in each region of the self-discipline.

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11). 11 If an unpolarized beam is incident with an angle of incidence equal to θp, the reflected beam is plane polarized; its electric vector is perpendicular to the plane of incidence and the transmitted beam is partially polarized. 53) is referred to as Brewster’s law, and θp is known as the Brewster angle or polarizing angle. At this angle of incidence, the reflected and transmitted rays are at right angles to each other. 3 deg. The transmitted beam is partially polarized. Therefore, if one uses a large number of reflecting surfaces, the transmitted light will also be linearly polarized.

43) Defining an auxiliary angle α such that   tan 1 ay ax Eq. 44) where α(0 ≤ α ≤ π/2) represents the angle between the x axis and the diagonal of the rectangle (with axes parallel to the x and y axes) enveloping the ellipse [see Fig. 5(a)]. We now multiply Eq. 34) by Eq. 36), and Eq. 35) by Eq. 37), and add to give  ab   ax a y sin  . 45) Using Eq. 40), the preceding equation can be put in the following form:  2a a 2ab  2 x y2 sin  . 5 Geometrical representations of angles (a) α, θ, and (b) χ.

2 2 Bibliography Born, M. and E. , Cambridge University Press, New York (1999). , Optics, McGraw Hill, New York (2009). Ghatak, A. and K. Thyagarajan, Introduction to Fiber Optics, Cambridge University Press, New York (1998). Griffiths, D. , Prentice-Hall of India, New Delhi (1989). Jackson, J. , J. Wiley & Sons, New York (1998). 1 Introduction As discussed in Chapter 2, the electric and magnetic field vectors of a plane electromagnetic (EM) wave lie in a plane transverse to the direction of propagation.

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